The wget utility contains directory traversal vulnerabilities that allow a malicious FTP server to overwrite files on the client host.
In a typical file transfer operation, one participant (the client) requests a file while a second participant (the server) provides the requested file. Before processing each request, many server implementations will consult an access control policy to determine whether the client should be permitted to read, write, or create a file at the requested location. If the client is able to craft a request that violates the server's access control policy, then the server contains a vulnerability. Since most vulnerabilities of this type involve escaping a restricted set of directories, they are commonly known as "directory traversal" vulnerabilities.
Directory traversal vulnerabilities are most often reported in server implementations, but recent research into the behavior of FTP clients has revealed vulnerabilities in several file transfer applications, including the wget utility. To exploit these vulnerabilities, an attacker must convince the victim user to access a specific FTP server containing files with crafted filenames. When an affected version of wget attempts to download one of these files, the crafted filename causes the utility to write the downloaded files to the location specified by the filename, not by the victim user. In some cases, the attacker must use a modified FTP server to allow the crafted filenames to be passed to the client.
This vulnerability allows an attacker to mislead wget users, convincing them to unintentionally create or overwrite files on the client's filesystem.
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The CERT/CC thanks Steve Christey for his discovery and analysis of this vulnerability.
This document was written by Jeffrey P. Lanza.
|Date First Published:||2002-12-10|
|Date Last Updated:||2003-04-14 22:48 UTC|