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CERT Coordination Center


Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS) discloses contents of files via crafted request containing "+.htr"

Vulnerability Note VU#28565

Original Release Date: 2001-06-15 | Last Revised: 2001-08-07

Overview

A vulnerability exists in Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS) that could disclose sensitive information contained in CGI-type files. Typically a CGI/script file on a web server should only be executable and not readable to remote users. Sensitive information contained in CGI-type files file might include user credentials for access to a back-end database.

This is a variation of the vulnerability previously discussed in VU#35085 and Microsoft Security Bulletin MS00-031.

Description

IIS contains a technology called ISAPI (Internet Services Application Programming Interface) which is designed to allow programmers to write custom applications which run on IIS. One ISAPI extension uses .HTR scripts to provide a password management interface via IIS. The .HTR ISAPI extension is implemented in the file ISM.DLL. When IIS receives a request for a file ending in .HTR it performs some pre-processing of the request then passes it off to ISM.DLL. If a malicious user crafts an HTTP request for an existing non-.HTR file and appends "+.HTR" to the request, ISM.DLL truncates the "+.HTR" from the file name and processes the requested file as if it were an .HTR file. If the requested file is not an .HTR file then the contents of the file will be returned to the requestor, with the exception of text enclosed in script delimiters "<% %>".

In order for this vulnerability to be exploited, specific locations in memory must contain zeros. Memory is zeroed as part of the initialization process, so the server would be most vulnerable soon after the IIS service was started and possibly up to the point at which the .HTR ISAPI code was first loaded into memory. Once the .HTR ISAPI code has been loaded and memory has been "dirtied," the chances that an exploit attempt will succeed are notably reduced.

Impact

The contents of files may be disclosed to unauthenticated remote users. Target files may be CGI scripts that contain sensitive configuration information such as database access credentials. This specific vulnerability does not allow an attacker to access files located outside the root directory of the web server.

Solution

Disable .HTR script mapping if not needed, as described in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS01-004:
1.Open the Internet Services Manager
2.Right-click the web server, then choose Properties, then Master Properties, then WWW Service.
3.Choose Edit, then HomeDirectory, then Configuration
4.Remove the .HTR entry
It’s worth noting that, in addition to .HTR, Microsoft also recommends removing several other so-called script mappings.

Apply the appropriate vendor patch:
IIS 4.0: http://www.microsoft.com/Downloads/Release.asp?ReleaseID=27492
IIS 5.0: http://www.microsoft.com/Downloads/Release.asp?ReleaseID=27491
Note that these are the most recent patches as referenced in MS01-004.

The CERT/CC also recommends the following documents on the secure configuration of Windows NT/2000 and IIS:
Windows NT Configuration Guidelines
Windows NT Security and Configuration Resources
IIS 4.0 Security Checklist
Secure Internet Information Services 5 Checklist

It may be possible to use an application layer filter to detect and block malicious requests.

Vendor Information

28565
Expand all

Microsoft

Notified:  July 14, 2000 Updated:  June 15, 2001

Status

  Vulnerable

Vendor Statement

Microsoft has released Microsoft Security Bulletin MS00-044.

Vendor Information

The vendor has not provided us with any further information regarding this vulnerability.

Addendum

Note that there are two other variants of this vulnerability which are described in VU#35085/MS00-031 and VU#28565/MS01-004 respectively.

If you have feedback, comments, or additional information about this vulnerability, please send us email.


CVSS Metrics

Group Score Vector
Base N/A N/A
Temporal N/A N/A
Environmental N/A

References

Credit

The CERT Coordination Center thanks the IBASE Security Team and Microsoft Product Security for information used in this document.

This document was written by Art Manion.

Other Information

CVE IDs: CVE-2000-0630
Severity Metric: 13.17
Date Public: 2000-07-14
Date First Published: 2001-06-15
Date Last Updated: 2001-08-07 13:09 UTC
Document Revision: 37

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