Some products based on VxWorks have the WDB target agent debug service enabled by default. This service provides read/write access to the device's memory and allows functions to be called.
The VxWorks WDB target agent is a target-resident, run-time facility that is required for connecting host tools to a VxWorks target system during development. WDB is a selectable component in the VxWorks configuration and is enabled by default. The WDB debug agent access is not secured and does provide a security hole in a deployed system.
It is advisable for production systems to reconfigure VxWorks with only those components needed for deployed operation and to build it as the appropriate type of system image. It is recommended to remove host development components such as the WDB target agent and debugging components (INCLUDE_WDB and INCLUDE_DEBUG) as well as other operating system components that are not required to support customer applications.
An attacker can use the debug service to fully compromise the device.
Disable debug agent
Appropriate firewall rules should be implemented to restrict access to the debug service (17185/udp) to only trusted sources until vendors have released patches to disable it.
Ceragon Networks Inc
Cisco Systems, Inc.
D-Link Systems, Inc.
Dell Computer Corporation, Inc.
Epson America, Inc.
Foundry Networks, Inc.
Gilat Network Systems
Guangzhou Gaoke Communications
IWATSU Voice Networks
Maipu Communication Technology
Mitel Networks, Inc.
Nortel Networks, Inc.
Rad Vision, Inc.
Ricoh Company Ltd.
SMC Networks, Inc.
Shoretel Communications, Inc.
Tut Systems, Inc.
Wind River Systems, Inc.
Thanks to HD Moore for reporting a wider scope with additional research related to this vulnerability. Earlier public reports came from Bennett Todd and Shawn Merdinger.
This document was written by Jared Allar.
|Date First Published:||2010-08-02|
|Date Last Updated:||2014-06-02 23:18 UTC|