Vulnerability Note VU#477046

libpng malformed cHRM divide-by-zero vulnerability

Original Release date: 22 Sep 2011 | Last revised: 23 Sep 2011


libpng crashes when processing malformed cHRM chunks.


When libpng encounters a cHRM chunk that is malformed it will perform a divide-by-zero causing libpng to crash. This bug was introduced in libpng version 1.5.4 and has been fixed in libpng version 1.5.5.


By tricking a user into opening a specifically crafted PNG file within an application that uses libpng, an attacker may be able to cause a denial of service crash.

The PNG Development Group has stated that: Such malformed PNG files are not necessarily malevolent (ones have been observed on the Internet that were created by accident) but they will cause a crash anyway.


Apply an Update

This vulnerability is addressed in the following libpng versions: libpng-1.5.5

The PNG Development Group recommends upgrading to libpng-1.5.5. However, if you must continue to use libpng-1.5.4, you can apply the following patch to libpng-1.5.4:

--- a/libpng/pngrutil.c
+++ b/libpng/pngrutil.c
@@ -1037,12 +1037,15 @@ png_handle_cHRM(png_structp png_ptr, png_infop
info_ptr, png_uint_32 length)
png_uint_32 w = y_red + y_green + y_blue;

- png_ptr->rgb_to_gray_red_coeff = (png_uint_16)(((png_uint_32)y_red *
- 32768)/w);
- png_ptr->rgb_to_gray_green_coeff = (png_uint_16)(((png_uint_32)y_green
- * 32768)/w);
- png_ptr->rgb_to_gray_blue_coeff = (png_uint_16)(((png_uint_32)y_blue *
- 32768)/w);
+ if (w != 0)
+ {
+ png_ptr->rgb_to_gray_red_coeff = (png_uint_16)(((png_uint_32)y_red *
+ 32768)/w);
+ png_ptr->rgb_to_gray_green_coeff = (png_uint_16)(((png_uint_32)y_green
+ * 32768)/w);
+ png_ptr->rgb_to_gray_blue_coeff = (png_uint_16)(((png_uint_32)y_blue *
+ 32768)/w);
+ }

Vendor Information (Learn More)

According to The PNG Development Group: Those that use a "system" libpng that happens to be libpng-1.5.4 are vulnerable to a divide-by-zero crash. Mozilla products that use the embedded libpng are not vulnerable.

VendorStatusDate NotifiedDate Updated
libpngAffected-22 Sep 2011
If you are a vendor and your product is affected, let us know.

CVSS Metrics (Learn More)

Group Score Vector
Base N/A N/A
Temporal N/A N/A
Environmental N/A N/A



Thanks to Glenn Randers-Pehrson of the PNG Development Group for reporting this vulnerability.

This document was written by Michael Orlando.

Other Information

  • CVE IDs: CVE 2011-3328
  • Date Public: 22 Sep 2011
  • Date First Published: 22 Sep 2011
  • Date Last Updated: 23 Sep 2011
  • Severity Metric: 0.06
  • Document Revision: 15


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