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Nokia Gateway GPRS support node vulnerable to DoS

Vulnerability Note VU#924812

Original Release Date: 2003-08-20 | Last Revised: 2003-08-20

Overview

A vulnerability in the Nokia Gateway GPRS support node (GGSN) may allow a remote attacker to cause a denial of service.

Description

A vulnerability in the GGSN may allow a remote attacker to restart the device. For technical details, please see the @stake Security Advisory Nokia GGSN (IP650 Based) DoS Issues.

Nokia describes the GGSN as follows:
The Nokia GGSN is the network element that provides the interface between the GPRS network and external IP networks, such as the Internet and corporate intranet. By providing secure connections to external packet networks, the GGSN links the GPRS network to the Internet, ISPs and corporate intranets. The GGSN also provides allocation of IP address.

Impact

A remote attacker may be able to restart the GGSN, which will disrupt connectivity within the GPRS network that the GGSN is responsible for.

Solution

Obtain an upgraded IPSO from Nokia.

Workarounds


Nokia recommends the following:
As an interim measure operators can perform the following preventative configuration changes to their networks. Ensure that all IP packets  with non standard IP options are dropped by boarder firewalls on the  Gi interface. Within the Gn network ensure that the GTP aware firewall (if present) also drops all encapsulated IP packets with non standard  IP options. This may introduce latency however it will mitigate against the attack until the patch has been fully deployed and tested.

Vendor Information

924812
 
Affected   Unknown   Unaffected

Nokia

Updated:  August 20, 2003

Status

  Vulnerable

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

The vendor has not provided us with any further information regarding this vulnerability.

Addendum

@stake has indicated that Nokia sent the following text to their customers.


    ---[Nokia Notice]---
    NOKIA CUSTOMER CONFIDENTIAL, GGSN RELEASE 1 VULNERABILITY

    Under exceptional circumstances Nokia GGSN release 1 is
    potentially vulnerable to a "Denial Of Service" style of
    attack from a malicious user equipped with a computer and a
    mobile phone. When the vulnerability is exploited the GGSN
    restarts. There is no damage to the configuration, but some
    charging data may be lost. Changing a normal Access Point to
    tunneled (GRE or IP in IP) prevents the attacks from mobile
    user side.

    The same applies for the Gi interface though routers and
    firewalls would normally drop this kind of packets. The
    problem has been detected and reported by @stake and has been
    reproduced by Nokia in collaboration with @stake. Nokia and
    @stake are jointly working to eliminate the problem.

    This vulnerability is corrected in IPSO version 3.4 and all
    subsequent versions. Thus, GGSN release 2 is not vulnerable,
    GGSN release 1 is. Nokia advices all the customers still
    running GGSN release level 1 to upgrade on GGSN release level 2.

    As an interim measure operators can perform the following
    preventative configuration changes to their networks. Ensure
    that all IP packets with non standard IP options are dropped
    by boarder firewalls on the Gi interface. Within the Gn
    network ensure that the GTP aware firewall (if present) also
    drops all encapsulated IP packets with non standard IP
    options. This may introduce latency however it will mitigate
    against the attack until the patch has been fully deployed
    and tested.

    Due to the severity of this vulnerability @stake has
    confirmed that they will not be releasing this information
    publicly on their research page (
    http://www.atstake.com/research/)
    until Nokia has confirmed that all affected operators have fully
    patched and tested all affected elements. However @stake would
    ideally like to release this information no later than 1st June
    2003.


    Neither @stake nor Nokia are aware of this attack being used
    in the wild as it was discovered by @stake within a lab
    environment and subsequently tested on a number of operators
    for whom they have worked for.
    ---[End Nokia Notice]---

    If you have feedback, comments, or additional information about this vulnerability, please send us email.


CVSS Metrics

Group Score Vector
Base N/A N/A
Temporal N/A N/A
Environmental N/A

References

Acknowledgements

This vulnerability was discovered by @stake, Inc.

This document was written by Ian A Finlay.

Other Information

CVE IDs: CVE-2003-0368
Severity Metric: 5.63
Date Public: 2003-06-09
Date First Published: 2003-08-20
Date Last Updated: 2003-08-20 14:24 UTC
Document Revision: 10

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