Vulnerability Note VU#111708
Fortigate UTM appliances share the same default CA certificate
Fortigate UTM appliances that support SSL/TLS deep packet inspection share the same self-signed Fortigate CA certificate and associated private key across all devices. The private key, which has been compromised, allows attackers to create and sign fake certificates.
Fortigate UTM appliances share the same self-signed Fortigate CA certificate. Companies that use these appliances for deep packet inspection will have most likely deployed the CA certificate to endpoint web browsers so certificate warnings will not be seen by an end-user. Since the associated private key has been compromised (published on the web), an attacker with a man-in-the-middle vantage point on the network will be able to simulate the behavior of the Fortigate appliance and eavesdrop on encrypted communications or spoof websites. Also, the attacker may digitally sign malicious software, spoofing the identity of the publisher.
Primarily at risk are users who have imported the compromised Fortigate CA certificate into their web browser or operating system. This risk applies equally within the company (connected to a network behind the Fortigate UTM appliance) as anywhere else. An attacker with a man-in-the-middle vantage point on the current network may be able to eavesdrop on encrypted communications. In addition, an attacker may falsify digital signatures such as Authenticode.
Install a new CA certificate
The vendor recommends the following steps be taken to address this vulnerability.
Endpoints should not trust the self-signed Fortigate CA certificate. The following certificate information is for the certificate that should be distrusted:
Subject: "E = firstname.lastname@example.org; CN = FortiGate CA; OU = Certificate Authority; O = Fortinet; L = Sunnyvale; S = California; C = US";
Thumbprint: 3e 20 7f 9a 6b d9 5c 7c 2b 89 11 67 d3 2f 57 87 2f 76 60 14
The preferrable way to distrust a CA certificate is to import it to the "Untrusted certificates" branch of the system certificate store. To continue the use of SSL/TLS deep packet inspection, a new, unique, CA certificate may be generated and imported into the Fortigate UTM appliance. To prevent users from experiencing certificate errors, that new CA certificate can be imported into web browsers. Chapter 6 of the FortiOS handbook contains instructions on how to replace the default CA certificate.
Vendor Information (Learn More)
|Vendor||Status||Date Notified||Date Updated|
|Fortinet, Inc.||Affected||07 Sep 2012||30 Oct 2012|
CVSS Metrics (Learn More)
Thanks to Bitwiper for reporting this vulnerability.
This document was written by Jared Allar.
- CVE IDs: CVE-2012-4948
- Date Public: 22 Oct 2012
- Date First Published: 02 Nov 2012
- Date Last Updated: 02 Nov 2012
- Document Revision: 19
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