Vulnerability Note VU#267873

Samba contains multiple buffer overflows

Original Release date: 10 Apr 2003 | Last revised: 10 Jul 2003

Overview

Samba contains several buffer overflow vulnerabilitites. At least one of these vulnerabilities could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service.

Description

Samba is a widely used open-source implementation of Server Message Block (SMB)/Common Internet File System (CIFS). Samba-TNG is a forked development branch of Samba. SMB/CIFS is used in Microsoft Windows to provide file and print services. Samba versions prior to 2.2.8a and Samba-TNG versions prior to 0.3.2 contain several buffer overflow vulnerabilities.

A stack overflow in the function trans2open() (in trans2.c) has been assigned CAN-2003-0201. An exploit for this vulnerability has been publicly released.

After the trans2open() issue was reported, the Samba Team discovered and fixed several other buffer overflow vulnerabilities (in statcache.c, reply.c, and password.c). These vulnerabilities have been assigned CAN-2003-0196.

These vulnerabilities are different than the packet fragment re-assembly problem discussed in VU#298233 (CAN-2003-0085).

Impact

An unauthenticated, remote attacker could execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service. The Samba daemon (smbd) runs with root privileges, so an attacker could gain complete control of a vulnerable system.

Solution

Patch or Upgrade

    Upgrade or apply a patch as specified by your vendor.
    Upgrade or patch to Samba 2.2.8a or Samba-TNG 0.3.2.

Block or Restrict Access

    Block or restrict access to Samba services from untrusted networks such as the Internet. The Samba Team announcement for version 2.2.8 contains excellent recommendations for restricting access to Samba servers:

    ************************************
    Protecting an unpatched Samba server
    ************************************

    Samba Team, March 2003

    This is a note on how to provide your Samba server some protection against the recently discovered remote security hole if you are unable to upgrade to the fixed version immediately. Even if you do upgrade you might like to think about the suggestions in this note to provide you with additional levels of protection.


    Using host based protection
    ---------------------------


    In many installations of Samba the greatest threat comes for outside your immediate network. By default Samba will accept connections from any host, which means that if you run an insecure version of Samba on a host that is directly connected to the Internet you can be especially vulnerable.

    One of the simplest fixes in this case is to use the 'hosts allow' and 'hosts deny' options in the Samba smb.conf configuration file to only allow access to your server from a specific range of hosts. An example might be:



    hosts allow = 127.0.0.1 192.168.2.0/24 192.168.3.0/24
    hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0


    The above will only allow SMB connections from 'localhost' (your own computer) and from the two private networks 192.168.2 and 192.168.3. All other connections will be refused connections as soon as the client sends its first packet. The refusal will be marked as a 'not listening on called name' error.


    Using interface protection
    --------------------------


    By default Samba will accept connections on any network interface that it finds on your system. That means if you have a ISDN line or a PPP connection to the Internet then Samba will accept connections on those links. This may not be what you want.

    You can change this behavior using options like the following:


    interfaces = eth* lo
    bind interfaces only = yes


    that tells Samba to only listen for connections on interfaces with a name starting with 'eth' such as eth0, eth1, plus on the loopback interface called 'lo'. The name you will need to use depends on what OS you are using. In the above I used the common name for ethernet adapters on Linux.

    If you use the above and someone tries to make a SMB connection to your host over a PPP interface called 'ppp0', they will get a TCP connection refused reply. In that case no Samba code is run at all as the operating system has been told not to pass connections from that interface to any process.


    Using a firewall
    ----------------


    Many people use a firewall to deny access to services that they don't want exposed outside their network. This can be a very good idea, although I would recommend using it in conjunction with the above methods so that you are protected even if your firewall is not active for some reason.

    If you are setting up a firewall then you need to know what TCP and UDP ports to allow and block. Samba uses the following:


    UDP/137    - used by nmbd
    UDP/138    - used by nmbd
    TCP/139    - used by smbd
    TCP/445    - used by smbd


    The last one is important as many older firewall setups may not be aware of it, given that this port was only added to the protocol in recent years.


    Using a IPC$ share deny
    -----------------------


    If the above methods are not suitable, then you could also place a more specific deny on the IPC$ share that is used in the recently discovered security hole. This allows you to offer access to other shares while denying access to IPC$ from potentially untrustworthy hosts.

    To do that you could use:


    [ipc$]
      hosts allow = 192.168.115.0/24 127.0.0.1
      hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0

    this would tell Samba that IPC$ connections are not allowed from anywhere but the two listed places (localhost and a local subnet). Connections to other shares would still be allowed. As the IPC$ share is the only share that is always accessible anonymously this provides some level of protection against attackers that do not know a username/password for your host.

    If you use this method then clients will be given a 'access denied' reply when they try to access the IPC$ share. That means that those clients will not be able to browse shares, and may also be unable to access some other resources.

    I don't recommend this method unless you cannot use one of the other methods listed above for some reason.


    Upgrading Samba
    ---------------


    Of course the best solution is to upgrade Samba to a version where the bug has been fixed. If you wish to also use one of the additional measures above then that would certainly be a good idea.

    Please check regularly on
    http://www.samba.org/ for updates and important announcements.

Systems Affected (Learn More)

VendorStatusDate NotifiedDate Updated
Apple Computer Inc.Affected09 Apr 200311 Apr 2003
ConectivaAffected09 Apr 200309 Apr 2003
DebianAffected09 Apr 200309 Apr 2003
FreeBSDAffected09 Apr 200309 Apr 2003
Gentoo LinuxAffected-10 Apr 2003
Hewlett-Packard CompanyAffected09 Apr 200310 Apr 2003
IBMAffected09 Apr 200310 Apr 2003
MandrakeSoftAffected09 Apr 200309 Apr 2003
MontaVista SoftwareAffected09 Apr 200310 Apr 2003
OpenBSDAffected09 Apr 200314 Apr 2003
OpenPKGAffected-09 Apr 2003
Red Hat Inc.Affected09 Apr 200310 Apr 2003
Samba-TNGAffected-10 Apr 2003
Samba TeamAffected-10 Apr 2003
SCOAffected09 Apr 200315 May 2003
If you are a vendor and your product is affected, let us know.View More »

CVSS Metrics (Learn More)

Group Score Vector
Base N/A N/A
Temporal N/A N/A
Environmental N/A N/A

References

Credit

This vulnerability was publicly reported by Erik Parker of Digital Defense Inc.

This document was written by Art Manion.

Other Information

  • CVE IDs: CAN-2003-0201
  • Date Public: 07 Apr 2003
  • Date First Published: 10 Apr 2003
  • Date Last Updated: 10 Jul 2003
  • Severity Metric: 20.48
  • Document Revision: 22

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