Vulnerability Note VU#267873
Samba contains multiple buffer overflows
Samba contains several buffer overflow vulnerabilitites. At least one of these vulnerabilities could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service.
Samba is a widely used open-source implementation of Server Message Block (SMB)/Common Internet File System (CIFS). Samba-TNG is a forked development branch of Samba. SMB/CIFS is used in Microsoft Windows to provide file and print services. Samba versions prior to 2.2.8a and Samba-TNG versions prior to 0.3.2 contain several buffer overflow vulnerabilities.
A stack overflow in the function trans2open() (in trans2.c) has been assigned CAN-2003-0201. An exploit for this vulnerability has been publicly released.
An unauthenticated, remote attacker could execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service. The Samba daemon (smbd) runs with root privileges, so an attacker could gain complete control of a vulnerable system.
Patch or Upgrade
Block or Restrict Access
Protecting an unpatched Samba server
Samba Team, March 2003
This is a note on how to provide your Samba server some protection against the recently discovered remote security hole if you are unable to upgrade to the fixed version immediately. Even if you do upgrade you might like to think about the suggestions in this note to provide you with additional levels of protection.
Using host based protection
In many installations of Samba the greatest threat comes for outside your immediate network. By default Samba will accept connections from any host, which means that if you run an insecure version of Samba on a host that is directly connected to the Internet you can be especially vulnerable.
One of the simplest fixes in this case is to use the 'hosts allow' and 'hosts deny' options in the Samba smb.conf configuration file to only allow access to your server from a specific range of hosts. An example might be:
hosts allow = 127.0.0.1 192.168.2.0/24 192.168.3.0/24
hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0
The above will only allow SMB connections from 'localhost' (your own computer) and from the two private networks 192.168.2 and 192.168.3. All other connections will be refused connections as soon as the client sends its first packet. The refusal will be marked as a 'not listening on called name' error.
Using interface protection
By default Samba will accept connections on any network interface that it finds on your system. That means if you have a ISDN line or a PPP connection to the Internet then Samba will accept connections on those links. This may not be what you want.
You can change this behavior using options like the following:
interfaces = eth* lo
bind interfaces only = yes
that tells Samba to only listen for connections on interfaces with a name starting with 'eth' such as eth0, eth1, plus on the loopback interface called 'lo'. The name you will need to use depends on what OS you are using. In the above I used the common name for ethernet adapters on Linux.
If you use the above and someone tries to make a SMB connection to your host over a PPP interface called 'ppp0', they will get a TCP connection refused reply. In that case no Samba code is run at all as the operating system has been told not to pass connections from that interface to any process.
Using a firewall
Many people use a firewall to deny access to services that they don't want exposed outside their network. This can be a very good idea, although I would recommend using it in conjunction with the above methods so that you are protected even if your firewall is not active for some reason.
If you are setting up a firewall then you need to know what TCP and UDP ports to allow and block. Samba uses the following:
UDP/137 - used by nmbd
UDP/138 - used by nmbd
TCP/139 - used by smbd
TCP/445 - used by smbd
The last one is important as many older firewall setups may not be aware of it, given that this port was only added to the protocol in recent years.
Using a IPC$ share deny
If the above methods are not suitable, then you could also place a more specific deny on the IPC$ share that is used in the recently discovered security hole. This allows you to offer access to other shares while denying access to IPC$ from potentially untrustworthy hosts.
To do that you could use:
hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0
this would tell Samba that IPC$ connections are not allowed from anywhere but the two listed places (localhost and a local subnet). Connections to other shares would still be allowed. As the IPC$ share is the only share that is always accessible anonymously this provides some level of protection against attackers that do not know a username/password for your host.
If you use this method then clients will be given a 'access denied' reply when they try to access the IPC$ share. That means that those clients will not be able to browse shares, and may also be unable to access some other resources.
I don't recommend this method unless you cannot use one of the other methods listed above for some reason.
Of course the best solution is to upgrade Samba to a version where the bug has been fixed. If you wish to also use one of the additional measures above then that would certainly be a good idea.
Please check regularly on http://www.samba.org/ for updates and important announcements.
Systems Affected (Learn More)
|Vendor||Status||Date Notified||Date Updated|
|Apple Computer Inc.||Affected||09 Apr 2003||11 Apr 2003|
|Conectiva||Affected||09 Apr 2003||09 Apr 2003|
|Debian||Affected||09 Apr 2003||09 Apr 2003|
|FreeBSD||Affected||09 Apr 2003||09 Apr 2003|
|Gentoo Linux||Affected||-||10 Apr 2003|
|Hewlett-Packard Company||Affected||09 Apr 2003||10 Apr 2003|
|IBM||Affected||09 Apr 2003||10 Apr 2003|
|MandrakeSoft||Affected||09 Apr 2003||09 Apr 2003|
|MontaVista Software||Affected||09 Apr 2003||10 Apr 2003|
|OpenBSD||Affected||09 Apr 2003||14 Apr 2003|
|OpenPKG||Affected||-||09 Apr 2003|
|Red Hat Inc.||Affected||09 Apr 2003||10 Apr 2003|
|Samba-TNG||Affected||-||10 Apr 2003|
|Samba Team||Affected||-||10 Apr 2003|
|SCO||Affected||09 Apr 2003||15 May 2003|
CVSS Metrics (Learn More)
This vulnerability was publicly reported by Erik Parker of Digital Defense Inc.
This document was written by Art Manion.
- CVE IDs: CAN-2003-0201
- Date Public: 07 Apr 2003
- Date First Published: 10 Apr 2003
- Date Last Updated: 10 Jul 2003
- Severity Metric: 20.48
- Document Revision: 22
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