Vulnerability Note VU#490344

Alcatel ADSL modems provide unauthenticated TFTP access via physical WAN interface

Original Release date: 10 Apr 2001 | Last revised: 11 Apr 2001

Overview

The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) has recently discovered several vulnerabilities in the Alcatel Speed Touch line of Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) modems. These vulnerabilities are the result of weak authentication and access control policies and result in one or more of the following impacts: unauthorized access, unauthorized monitoring, information leakage, denial of service, and permanent disability of affected devices.

The SDSC has published additional information regarding these vulnerabilities at http://security.sdsc.edu/self-help/alcatel/.

Description

To allow your ISP to upgrade the firmware of the ADSL modem remotely, unauthenticated TFTP access is provided to users with physical access to the wire on the WAN side of the modem. While this access is normally used legitimately by your ISP, it could also be abused by an attacker with physical access to the wire outside of your home or at a local access point.

Impact

An attacker with physical access to your wire may be able to gain unauthenticated TFTP access, allowing them to perform the following operations:

    - inspection of configuration data
    - recovery and setting of passwords
    - inspection and updates to the firmware
    - destructive updates to the firmware
    - malicious custom updates to the firmware

Note that affected Alcatel ADSL modems do not provide any mechanism for determining the validity of firmware updates, so a remote attacker may be able to install custom firmware that operated as a DDoS client or a network sniffer. Similarly, an attacker could produce an invalid firmware revision that would disable the device completely, leaving victims no alternative but to return the disabled unit to the manufacturer.

Solution

The CERT/CC is currently unaware of a practical solution to this problem.

Systems Affected (Learn More)

VendorStatusDate NotifiedDate Updated
AlcatelAffected10 Apr 200110 Apr 2001
If you are a vendor and your product is affected, let us know.

CVSS Metrics (Learn More)

Group Score Vector
Base N/A N/A
Temporal N/A N/A
Environmental N/A N/A

References

Credit

The CERT Coordination Center would like to thank Tom Perrine and Tsutomu Shimomura of the San Diego Supercomputer Center for notifying us about this problem and their help in constructing this advisory.

This document is based on research by the SDSC and was written by Cory Cohen and Jeffrey P. Lanza.

Other Information

  • CVE IDs: Unknown
  • CERT Advisory: CA-2001-08
  • Date Public: 10 Apr 2001
  • Date First Published: 10 Apr 2001
  • Date Last Updated: 11 Apr 2001
  • Severity Metric: 2.94
  • Document Revision: 11

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