Vulnerability Note VU#811371

Microsoft SQLXML ISAPI filter vulnerable to buffer overflow via contenttype parameter

Original Release date: 24 Jun 2002 | Last revised: 08 Aug 2002

Overview

A buffer overflow vulnerability exists in the Microsoft SQLXML Internet Services Application Programming Interface (ISAPI) extension for Internet Information Server (IIS). This vulnerability could allow a remote attacker to cause a denial of service or execute arbitrary code with LocalSystem privileges.

Description

Microsoft SQL Server 2000 includes a feature called SQLXML that allows the server to handle SQL queries and responses via XML. IIS enables XML over HTTP using SQLXML HTTP components, one of which is an ISAPI extension. A client SQLXML HTTP request takes the form of a URI that contains a number of arguments including the name of the IIS server, the virtual directory (virtual root), and optional parameters. One of the optional parameters, contenttype, sets the Content-Type header for the HTTP response to the client. The entire URI, including the contenttype parameter, is controlled by the client.

The SQLXML ISAPI extension does not adequately validate the length of the contenttype parameter. As a result, an attacker could construct a URI with a specially crafted value for contenttype that triggers a buffer overflow on a vulnerable IIS server.

Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-030 notes that SQLXML is installed but disabled by default. In addition, SQLXML must be configured to run over HTTP in order to install the SQLXML ISAPI extension. An IIS server is only vulnerable if SQLXML is enabled and configured to run over HTTP.

Impact

A remote attacker could execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service. The SQLXML ISAPI extension runs as LocalSystem.

Solution


Apply a Patch

Apply the appropriate patch as referenced in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-030.


Disable Vulnerable Service

If the services are not needed, disable or uninstall SQLXML or SQLXML over HTTP. As a general practice, the CERT/CC recommends disabling any services that are not explicitly required.

Systems Affected (Learn More)

VendorStatusDate NotifiedDate Updated
Microsoft CorporationAffected-24 Jun 2002
If you are a vendor and your product is affected, let us know.

CVSS Metrics (Learn More)

Group Score Vector
Base N/A N/A
Temporal N/A N/A
Environmental N/A N/A

References

Credit

The CERT/CC thanks both Matt Moore of Westpoint and Microsoft for information used in this document.

This document was written by Art Manion.

Other Information

  • CVE IDs: CAN-2002-0186
  • Date Public: 12 Jun 2002
  • Date First Published: 24 Jun 2002
  • Date Last Updated: 08 Aug 2002
  • Severity Metric: 12.39
  • Document Revision: 30

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