Vulnerability Note VU#113765

Apple MacOS High Sierra disabled account authentication bypass

Original Release date: 29 Nov 2017 | Last revised: 29 Nov 2017

Overview

Apple MacOS High Sierra fails to properly require authentication for disabled accounts, such as root account, which can allow an authenticated user to obtain root privileges.

Description

Apple MacOS High Sierra (10.13) contains a flaw in how it authenticates disabled accounts. When a privileged action prompts the user for administrative credentials, the user can simply enter the user of "root" with an empty password. The first attempt appears to fail, but in actuality, this action causes MacOS High Sierra to enable the ability to log in as root using the credentials specified. A second attempt to authenticate using the same credentials successfully takes the action with root administrative privileges. Once this vulnerability has been triggered by an authenticated user (either locally, or via remote access such as SSH), the root account will be available to use as a viable authentication mechanism to the system.

It is important to note that simply confirming the vulnerability on a system will have the side effect of enabling the root account for use in authenticating to the system.

Impact

A local or remote user of a MacOS High Sierra system can obtain root privileges without requiring credentials. Any system that has the root account enabled (e.g. via testing for this vulnerability) may also expose the root account for use with remote administrative capabilities, such as the built-in "Screen Sharing" or "Remote Management" capabilities

Solution

Apply an update

This issue is addressed in Security Update 2017-001. Please also consider the following workaround if you are unable to install the update:

Set the root password

    1. As a user with administrative privileges, launch Terminal
    2. Type sudo passwd -u root
    3. Enter a strong password

For an alternative GUI method to setting the root password, please see Apple support article HT204012.

Note: It is important to not disable the root account after setting a password. If the root account is disabled after setting a password, this action will revert the system back to the vulnerable state.

Vendor Information (Learn More)

VendorStatusDate NotifiedDate Updated
AppleAffected29 Nov 201729 Nov 2017
If you are a vendor and your product is affected, let us know.

CVSS Metrics (Learn More)

Group Score Vector
Base 7.2 AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C
Temporal 6.2 E:POC/RL:W/RC:C
Environmental 4.6 CDP:ND/TD:M/CR:ND/IR:ND/AR:ND

References

Credit

This vulnerability was publicly disclosed by chethan177.

This document was written by Will Dormann.

Other Information

  • CVE IDs: CVE-2017-13872
  • Date Public: 13 Nov 2017
  • Date First Published: 29 Nov 2017
  • Date Last Updated: 29 Nov 2017
  • Document Revision: 41

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