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Apple MacOS High Sierra disabled account authentication bypass

Vulnerability Note VU#113765

Original Release Date: 2017-11-29 | Last Revised: 2017-11-30


Apple MacOS High Sierra fails to properly require authentication for disabled accounts, such as root account, which can allow an authenticated user to obtain root privileges.


Apple MacOS High Sierra (10.13) contains a flaw in how it authenticates disabled accounts. When a privileged action prompts the user for administrative credentials, the user can simply enter the user of "root" with an empty password. The first attempt appears to fail, but in actuality, this action causes MacOS High Sierra to enable the ability to log in as root using the credentials specified. A second attempt to authenticate using the same credentials successfully takes the action with root administrative privileges. Once this vulnerability has been triggered by an authenticated user (either locally, or via remote access such as SSH), the root account will be available to use as a viable authentication mechanism to the system.

It is important to note that simply confirming the vulnerability on a system will have the side effect of enabling the root account for use in authenticating to the system.


A local or remote user of a MacOS High Sierra system can obtain root privileges without requiring credentials. Any system that has the root account enabled (e.g. via testing for this vulnerability) may also expose the root account for use with remote administrative capabilities, such as the built-in "Screen Sharing" or "Remote Management" capabilities


Apply an update

This issue is addressed in Security Update 2017-001. Please also consider the following workaround if you are unable to install the update:

Set the root password

    1. As a user with administrative privileges, launch Terminal
    2. Type sudo passwd -u root
    3. Enter a strong password

    For an alternative GUI method to setting the root password, please see Apple support article HT204012.

    Note: It is important to not disable the root account after setting a password. If the root account is disabled after setting a password, this action will revert the system back to the vulnerable state.

    Vendor Information


    Apple Affected

    Notified:  November 29, 2017 Updated: November 29, 2017



    Vendor Statement

    We have not received a statement from the vendor.

    Vendor Information

    We are not aware of further vendor information regarding this vulnerability.

    Vendor References

    CVSS Metrics

    Group Score Vector
    Base 7.2 AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C
    Temporal 6.2 E:POC/RL:W/RC:C
    Environmental 4.6 CDP:ND/TD:M/CR:ND/IR:ND/AR:ND



    This vulnerability was publicly disclosed by chethan177.

    This document was written by Will Dormann.

    Other Information

    CVE IDs: CVE-2017-13872
    Date Public: 2017-11-13
    Date First Published: 2017-11-29
    Date Last Updated: 2017-11-30 02:43 UTC
    Document Revision: 42

    Sponsored by CISA.