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NeoScale Systems CryptoStor 700 series appliances fail to properly perform two-factor authentication

Vulnerability Note VU#339004

Original Release Date: 2006-12-18 | Last Revised: 2007-01-03

Overview

NeoScale Systems CryptoStor 700 series appliances fail to properly perform two-factor authentication. This can make it easier to bypass the CryptoStor authentication process.

Description

NeoScale Systems CryptoStor Tape units are tape backup encryption appliances. CryptoStor 700 series units provide two-factor authentication for administration functions. This is accomplished with a smartcard token plus a username and password combination.

The smartcard aspect of the two-factor authentication is performed on the client side within the web browser, using ActiveX and script. Disabling ActiveX can bypass this part of the two-factor authentication.

Impact

An attacker with knowledge of only the username and password for the administration console can gain administrative access to the CryptoStor unit. This would allow an attacker to add, change, or delete encryption rules and keys, establish cluster members, export keys for archival, and more.

Solution

Apply an update

This issue is addressed in the 2.6 version of the CryptoStor Tape 700 Series firmware. According to NeoScale, this version of the firmware makes the following changes:

a) changing the CryptoStor ActiveX component to not perform the actual authentication only to report on its success or failure. The CryptoStor ActiveX component version number was also changed.

b) changes to the cgi-bin program within the CryptoStor Appliance to perform the actual authentication. The cgi-bin program was also modified to not work with the original version of the CryptoStor ActiveX component

c) implementation of a Thawte certificate for the CryptoStor ActiveX component

Vendor Information

339004
 
Affected   Unknown   Unaffected

NeoScale Systems, Inc.

Notified:  August 10, 2006 Updated:  December 21, 2006

Status

  Vulnerable

Vendor Statement

This vulnerability was possible because when a user configured for two-factor authentication with a SmartCard logged into the NeoScale CryptoStor Tape Appliance using a valid and current userid and password, the CryptoStor ActiveX component performed the second factor authentication of the user. The vulnerability resulted in the second factor authentication being bypassed and the user being authenticated without needing a SmartCard. The perpetrator was then able to perform all operations that the genuine user of the NeoScale CryptoStor Tape Appliance could perform.

This vulnerability was addressed by

a) changing the CryptoStor ActiveX component to not perform the actual authentication only to report on its success or failure. The CryptoStor ActiveX component version number was also changed.

b) changes to the cgi-bin program within the CryptoStor Appliance to perform the actual authentication. The cgi-bin program was also modified to not work with the original version of the CryptoStor ActiveX component

c) implementation of a Thawte certificate for the CryptoStor ActiveX component

These three changes have been implemented and are in the version of the NeoScale CryptoStor Tape Appliance code currently released (version 2.6).

Vendor Information

The vendor has not provided us with any further information regarding this vulnerability.


CVSS Metrics

Group Score Vector
Base N/A N/A
Temporal N/A N/A
Environmental N/A

References

Credit

This document was written by Will Dormann.

Other Information

CVE IDs: CVE-2006-3896
Severity Metric: 0.64
Date Public: 2006-12-18
Date First Published: 2006-12-18
Date Last Updated: 2007-01-03 22:17 UTC
Document Revision: 12

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