An intruder can send certain kinds of data to services that he is not ordinarily able to reach. By crafting the data such that it is redirected through any program the victim uses to render the malicious HTML, the intruder is able send that data to any services that the victim can send data to. The malicious HTML can be embedded in documents such as an email message, web page, rich-text log or newsgroup posting.
This vulnerability has been called "cross-protocol scripting."
An intruder may be able to use this vulnerability to send mail (Spam), post News, get or send files from or to an FTP server, or send data to an HTTP server. It may even be possible to exploit a vulnerability in one of these services through this problem, though we are not certain of that at this time. For example, an intruder may be able to exploit this problem as a means of attacking a vulnerable web server that would ordinarily be protected by a firewall. Additionally, it may be possible for an intruder to cause denial-of-service conditions within the network by sending unexpected data to network services. This unexpected data may crash or hang the services receiving the data.
Upgrade your application according to your manufacturer's recommendations, if any. Additionally, do not rely solely on firewalls to provide a guarantee that an intruder can not reach a service. Keep internal systems up to date with respect to patches and workarounds.
Netscape Communications Corporation
The SCO Group (SCO Linux)
Apple Computer, Inc.
Berkeley Software Design, Inc.
MiT Kerberos Development Team
Red Hat, Inc.
Sequent Computer Systems, Inc.
Sun Microsystems, Inc.
The CERT/CC thanks Jochen Topf <firstname.lastname@example.org> for reporting this vulnerability. We would also like to thank Wietse Venema and Steve Bellovin for their assistance in understanding this vulnerability. Additionally Wietse Venema coined the name "cross-protocol scripting."
|Date First Published:||2001-08-16|
|Date Last Updated:||2008-02-05 00:41 UTC|