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Ragentek Android OTA update mechanism vulnerable to MITM attack

Vulnerability Note VU#624539

Original Release Date: 2016-11-17 | Last Revised: 2016-11-17

Overview

Ragentek Android software contains an over-the-air update mechanism that communicates over an unencrypted channel, which can allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code with root privileges.

Description

CWE-494: Download of Code Without Integrity Check - CVE-2016-6564

Android devices with code from Ragentek contain a privileged binary that performs over-the-air (OTA) update checks.
Additionally, there are multiple techniques used to hide the execution of this binary. This behavior could be described as a rootkit.

This binary, which resides as /system/bin/debugs, runs with root privileges and does not communicate over an encrypted channel.
The binary has been shown to communicate with three hosts via HTTP:

    • oyag[.]lhzbdvm[.]com
    • oyag[.]prugskh[.]net
    • oyag[.]prugskh[.]com

Server responses to requests sent by the debugs binary include functionalities to execute arbitrary commands as root, install applications, or update configurations.

Examples of a request sent by the client binary:
    POST /pagt/agent?data={"name":"c_regist","details":{...}} HTTP/1. 1
    Host: 114.80.68.223
    Connection: Close

An example response from the server could be:
    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    {"code": "01", "name": "push_commands", "details": {"server_id": "1" ,
    "title": "Test Command", "comments": "Test", "commands": "touch /tmp/test"}}
This binary is reported to be present in the following devices:
    • BLU Studio G
    • BLU Studio G Plus
    • BLU Studio 6.0 HD
    • BLU Studio X
    • BLU Studio X Plus
    • BLU Studio C HD
    • Infinix Hot X507
    • Infinix Hot 2 X510
    • Infinix Zero X506
    • Infinix Zero 2 X509
    • DOOGEE Voyager 2 DG310
    • LEAGOO Lead 5
    • LEAGOO Lead 6
    • LEAGOO Lead 3i
    • LEAGOO Lead 2S
    • LEAGOO Alfa 6
    • IKU Colorful K45i
    • Beeline Pro 2
    • XOLO Cube 5.0

Impact

An remote, unauthenticated attacker in a position to perform man-in-the-middle attacks can execute arbitrary commands as root.

Solution

Apply an update
The reporter indicates that BLU has provided an update, which is intended to address the vulnerability, Please see the vendor status page for more details.

For other devices, please check with your device vendor for updates. If you are unable to apply an update, see the following workarounds:

Avoid use of untrusted networks

Use your device on trusted networks only, and avoid using untrusted networks such as open or public wifi.

Vendor Information

624539
 
Affected   Unknown   Unaffected

BLU Products

Updated:  November 11, 2016

Status

  Affected

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

To check the software version of the below BLU devices users need to go to Settings > About device > Build Number and look for the respective build numbers.

BLU Studio G D790

      BLU_D790U_V27_GENERIC
      BLU_D790L_V27_GENERIC
      BLU_D790U_V27_GENERIC_O

      BLU_D790L_V27_GENERIC_O
BLU Studio X D750
      BLU_D750U_V10_GENERIC
      BLU_D750L_V10_GENERIC
      BLU_D750U_V10_GENERIC_O

      BLU_D750L_V10_GENERIC_O

BLU Studio X D770
      BLU_D770U_V12_GENERIC
      BLU_D770L_V12_GENERIC
      BLU_D770U_V12_GENERIC_O

      BLU_D770L_V12_GENERIC_O

      Vendor References

      None

      Addendum

      There are no additional comments at this time.

      If you have feedback, comments, or additional information about this vulnerability, please send us email.

Infinix Mobility

Updated:  November 11, 2016

Status

  Affected

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

We are not aware of further vendor information regarding this vulnerability.

Ragentek

Updated:  November 11, 2016

Status

  Affected

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

We are not aware of further vendor information regarding this vulnerability.

Beeline

Updated:  November 11, 2016

Status

  Unknown

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

We are not aware of further vendor information regarding this vulnerability.

Doogee

Updated:  November 11, 2016

Status

  Unknown

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

We are not aware of further vendor information regarding this vulnerability.

IKU Mobile

Updated:  November 11, 2016

Status

  Unknown

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

We are not aware of further vendor information regarding this vulnerability.

Leagoo

Updated:  November 11, 2016

Status

  Unknown

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

We are not aware of further vendor information regarding this vulnerability.

XOLO

Updated:  November 11, 2016

Status

  Unknown

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

We are not aware of further vendor information regarding this vulnerability.


CVSS Metrics

Group Score Vector
Base 9.3 AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C
Temporal 8.4 E:POC/RL:ND/RC:C
Environmental 6.3 CDP:N/TD:M/CR:ND/IR:ND/AR:ND

References

Credit

Thanks to Dan Dahlberg and Tiago Pereira of BitSight Technologies and Anubis Networks for reporting this vulnerability.

This document was written by Trent Novelly.

Other Information

CVE IDs: CVE-2016-6564
Date Public: 2016-11-11
Date First Published: 2016-11-17
Date Last Updated: 2016-11-17 21:49 UTC
Document Revision: 20

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