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Single crafted HTTP request may result in multiple responses

Vulnerability Note VU#625878

Original Release Date: 2005-02-04 | Last Revised: 2007-08-08

Overview

Some HTTP handling devices are vulnerable to a flaw which may allow a specially crafted request to elicit multiple responses, some of which may be controlled by the attacker. These attacks may result in cache poisoning, information leakage, cross-site scripting, and other outcomes.

Description

A flaw in handling HTTP requests that contain the "HTTP Request Smuggling" class of attacksHTTP Request Smuggling attacks involve injecting HTTP request(s) within other HTTP requests. Devices that handle HTTP data, such as web caches and proxy servers, may contribute to a class of attacks known as "HTTP Request Smuggling" attacks. HTTP Request Smuggling attacks occur when specially-crafted HTTP requests are inconsistently processed by multiple interconnected devices. In this manner the secondary request(s) may be "smuggled" through other devices without detection.

As a simple example, including multiple Content-Length headers into a single request may result in interconnected devices handling the request in a different manner. Given two Content-Length headers, partial request data may be processed on one device where another subsequent device (using the longer Content-Length header) may read more request data. This in turn changes the nature of the request and may result in cache poisoning or request hijacking.

HTTP Request Smuggling is outlined in depth in the Watchfire "HTTP Request Smuggling" whitepaper.

Impact

Multiple scenarios are possible depending on the devices in use and the strategies that are utilized by the attacker. These attacks may involve cache poisoning, request hijacking, protection bypass, and cross-site scripting.

Solution

Apply an update

Contact your vendor for information on updates, patches, and workarounds.

Vendor Information

625878
 
Affected   Unknown   Unaffected

Microsoft Corporation

Updated:  June 14, 2005

Status

  Vulnerable

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

The vendor has not provided us with any further information regarding this vulnerability.

Addendum

Microsoft Security Bulletin MS05-034 contains details on ISA Server 2000 updates, patches, and workarounds for this issue.

If you have feedback, comments, or additional information about this vulnerability, please send us email.

Squid

Updated:  June 14, 2005

Status

  Vulnerable

Vendor Statement

No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

Vendor Information

The vendor has not provided us with any further information regarding this vulnerability.

Addendum

More details are available in the Squid Proxy Cache Security Update Advisory SQUID-2005:4.

If you have feedback, comments, or additional information about this vulnerability, please send us email.


CVSS Metrics

Group Score Vector
Base N/A N/A
Temporal N/A N/A
Environmental N/A

References

Credit

Thanks to Watchfire for providing information on this flaw.

This document was written by Ken MacInnis based primarily on information provided by Watchfire

Other Information

CVE IDs: CVE-2005-2090
Severity Metric: 7.50
Date Public: 2005-01-31
Date First Published: 2005-02-04
Date Last Updated: 2007-08-08 18:12 UTC
Document Revision: 61

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