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Adobe Reader and Acrobat JavaScript methods buffer overflow vulnerabilities

Vulnerability Note VU#666281

Original Release Date: 2008-02-11 | Last Revised: 2008-05-09

Overview

Adobe Reader and Acrobat contains multiple buffer overflow vulnerabilities. Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow an attacker to execute code.

Description

Adobe Acrobat Reader is software designed to view Portable Document Format (PDF) files. Adobe also distributes the Adobe Acrobat Plug-In to allow users to view PDF files inside of a web browser.

Per iDefense Advisory 02.08.08:
Remote exploitation of multiple stack-based buffer overflows in JavaScript methods in Adobe Reader and Acrobat could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code as the current user.

These issues exist due to insufficient input validation in several JavaScript methods. Inadequate checking is performed on the string length before it is copied into a fixed sized buffer on the stack. If an attacker supplies a long string, control structures on the stack may be modified, allowing the execution of arbitrary code.

Impact

By convincing a user to open a specially-crafted PDF file, a remote, unauthenticated attacker may be able to execute arbitrary code. This can happen in several ways, such as opening an email attachment or viewing a web page.

Solution

Update

According to the information in Adobe Security bulletin APSB08-13, users with version 8 of Adobe Reader or Acrobat should upgrade to version 8.1.2. Users running version 7 of Adobe Reader or Acrobat should upgrade to version 7.1.0. This issue was intially address for version 8 of Adobe Reader and Acrobat in Adobe Security advisory APSA08-01.


Disable the displaying of PDF documents in the web browser

Preventing PDF documents from opening inside a web browser may mitigate this vulnerability. If this workaround is applied to updated versions of the Adobe reader, it may mitigate future vulnerabilities.

To prevent PDF documents from automatically being opened in a web browser:

    1. Open Adobe Acrobat Reader.
    2. Open the Edit menu.
    3. Choose the preferences option.
    4. Choose the Internet section.
    5. Un-check the "Display PDF in browser" check box.
    Ubuntu users and administrators can prevent Adobe Reader from automatically opening PDF files inside their web browser by removing the mozilla-acroread package.

    Prevent Internet Explorer from automatically opening PDF documents

    The installer for Adobe Reader and Acrobat configures Internet Explorer to automatically open PDF files without any user interaction. This behavior can be reverted to the safer option of prompting the user by importing the following as a .REG file:
    Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AcroExch.Document.7]
    "EditFlags"=hex:00,00,00,00
    Disable JavaScript in Adobe Reader and Acrobat

    Disabling Javascript may prevent this vulnerability from being exploited. Acrobat JavaScript can be disabled in the General preferences dialog (Edit -> Preferences -> JavaScript and un-check Enable Acrobat JavaScript).

    Do not open untrusted PDF files

    Do not open unfamiliar or unexpected PDF attachments. Users can convert PDF documents to text by using the Adobe Online Conversion Tools site. See the Online Conversion Tools FAQ for information about this service. This workaround will not mitigate all attack vectors.

    Vendor Information

    666281
     
    Affected   Unknown   Unaffected

    Adobe

    Updated:  May 09, 2008

    Status

      Vulnerable

    Vendor Statement

    No statement is currently available from the vendor regarding this vulnerability.

    Vendor Information

    The vendor has not provided us with any further information regarding this vulnerability.

    Addendum

    See http://www.adobe.com/support/security/bulletins/apsb08-13.html for more details.

    If you have feedback, comments, or additional information about this vulnerability, please send us email.


    CVSS Metrics

    Group Score Vector
    Base N/A N/A
    Temporal N/A N/A
    Environmental N/A

    References

    Credit

    Thanks to Adobe and iDefense for information that was used in this report.

    This document was written by Ryan Giobbi.

    Other Information

    CVE IDs: CVE-2007-5659
    Severity Metric: 9.95
    Date Public: 2008-02-09
    Date First Published: 2008-02-11
    Date Last Updated: 2008-05-09 20:07 UTC
    Document Revision: 35

    Sponsored by the Department of Homeland Security Office of Cybersecurity and Communications.